Myristic acid is a white adhering apparent solid with the about physique 0.8439（80℃）. The melting point is 58℃ and the baking point is 250.5℃. It is acrid in booze and ether ,but baffling in water. Fomular: CH3（CH2）12COOH. Blubbery Acids are aliphatic carboxylic acerbic with capricious hydrocarbon lengths at one end of the alternation abutting to terminal carboxyl (-COOH) accumulation at the added end. This admixture is a saturated blubbery acid. Thus, all of the bonds except for the COOH accumulation are saturated with hydrogen molecules. There are no bifold bonds. Another way of anecdotic the atom is 14:0, which indicates a carbon alternation breadth of 14 and a abridgement of bifold bonds.
Myristic acid, aswell alleged tetradecanoic acid, is a accepted saturated blubbery acerbic with the atomic blueprint CH3(CH2)12COOH. A myristate is a alkali or ester of myristic acid. It is a saturated 14-carbon blubbery acerbic occurring in a lot of beastly and vegetable fats, decidedly butterfat and coconut, palm, and absurd oils. It is acclimated to amalgamate acidity and as an additive in soaps and cosmetics. The animal physique can aftermath all but two of the blubbery acids it needs. These two, linoleic acerbic (LA) and alpha-linolenic acerbic (LNA), are broadly broadcast in bulb oils. In addition, angle oils accommodate the longer-chain omega-3 blubbery acids eicosapentaenoic acerbic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acerbic (DHA). Since they cannot be fabricated in the physique from added substrates and have to be supplied in food, they are alleged capital blubbery acids.
Myristic acid is acclimated in soap, bactericide and spices and aswell frequently added co-translationally to the penultimate, nitrogen-terminus, glycine in receptor-associated kinases to advise the film localisation of the enzyme. The Myristic acid has a abundantly top hydrophobicity to become congenital into the blubbery acyl amount of the phospholipid bilayer of the claret film of the eukaryotic cell. In this way, Myristic acid acts as a lipid ballast in biomembranes.